The Committee on Oversight and Government Reform is a House of Representatives committee that has existed in varying forms since 1816. Eleven committees were consolidated into the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments in 1927. Then in 1952, the Committee on Government Operations was established to study the operations of the Government “at all levels with a view to determining their economy and efficiency”.
In 2014, Rep. Jason Chaffetz of Utah became Chairman of the Committee on Oversight and Government Reform, the principal investigative committee in the House. Rep. Elijah Cummings of Maryland is the current Ranking Minority Member.
The Committee on Oversight and Government Reform is the main investigative committee in the U.S. House of Representatives. It has jurisdiction to investigate any federal program and any matter with federal policy implications. It also has authority to investigate “any matter” within the jurisdiction of the other standing House Committees. The Committee is unique in its government-wide oversight jurisdiction.
Legislative responsibilities of the Committee include:
- Federal civil service including intergovernmental personnel; and the status of officers and employees of the United States including their compensation, classification, and retirement.
- Municipal affairs of the District of Columbia in general (other than appropriations).
- Federal paperwork reduction.
- Government management and accounting measures generally.
- Holidays and celebrations.
- Overall economy, efficiency, and management of government operations and activities, including federal procurement.
- National archives.
- Population and demography generally including the Census.
- Postal service generally including transportation of the mails.
- Public information and records.
- Relationship of the Federal government to the states and municipalities generally.
- Reorganizations in the Executive branch of the government.